Cloth vs Fabric vs Material vs Textile

The words cloth, fabric, material and textile all describe the product you get if you weave or knit fibers together.

  • The word textile is mainly used in the context of production:

“He works in the textile industry (or: in textiles).”

  • The word cloth is frequently used in the context of buying and selling:

“They import fine Indian silk cloth.”

  • Cloth is often used for light materials, while fabric describes heavier ones:

“We produce fabrics for making curtains.”

  • The word material is more general, as it can also be used for other substances that things are made from, such as wood or plastic.